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Georgia is a country of the most extraordinary landscapes and the most sincere hospitality. The beauty of the local nature is fascinating, because the natural sights of Georgia are high and majestic mountains with snow-capped peaks, crystal clear mountain lakes, stormy rivers and waterfalls, as well as an extraordinary variety of vegetation. In this country, different cultures, customs and religions are surprisingly intertwined, and everyone here will find something close and interesting for themselves. It is extremely easy to travel here and comprehend new routes – each of us has something to see in Georgia without overcoming long distances. Indeed, in a relatively small area, a different climate dominates, different types of vegetation grow, there are mountains, and forests, and valleys, and numerous reservoirs, and desert lands. For example, in winter, ski resorts await guests of the country, in summer – magnificent seaside resorts, and in the off-season – wellness, wedding and gastronomic trips. This country will enchant you with its centuries-old secrets, the hospitality of the indigenous people, rich cuisine and incomparable nature.
What to see in Georgia first of all
If you have the opportunity to join the life of the Georgian people, then miss it is definitely not worth it, and it is best if there are guides with you during the trip. Guides in Georgia are people who know everything and everyone, but even without them you will not be lost, because tourists are loved here and they are always ready to help. Study the list and have fun!
1. Tbilisi Old Town (Tbilisi)
Tbilisi Old Town
Small Tbilisi courtyards, old front doors with stucco, numerous elements of artistic forging, intricate facades of houses imbued with the spirit of antiquity – there is no doubt that you have something to visit in Georgia if you find yourself in the very center of its capital. The historical part of Tbilisi, or the Old City of Tbilisi, is located at the foot of Mount Mtatsminda. Arriving here, be sure to walk along these old winding streets, inspect the sulfur baths, visit the Narikala fortress and the botanical garden.
Today, ancient mansions, temples, palaces built in the classical traditions of Georgian architecture are located on this territory. Many of these buildings have been converted into modern restaurants, tasting rooms, souvenir shops and hotels. But there is another part of the Old Town that is not focused on tourism – there are abandoned buildings, dilapidated and emergency houses in which people still live.
The old city once arose at the place where sulfur springs spouted from the bowels of the earth, and now the famous sulfur baths of Abanotubani are located. Having arisen here, the future capital for centuries moved up along the Kura River to the Narikala fortress. It turned out that the place was chosen extremely well – on the one hand it is protected by mountain ranges, on the other – by the waters of a turbulent river with steep banks. In the Metekhi region, where the riverbed of the Kura narrows, there is an ancient temple of Metekhi and a monument to the founder of Tbilisi, Vakhtang Gorgasali.
2. Narikala Fortress (Tbilisi)
Ancient fortress Narikala
In the center of Tbilisi, on Mount Mtatsminda, one of the most famous sights of Georgia is located – the Narikala fortress, which means “impregnable”. It is not known for certain in what century the fortress was founded, but the first mention of it dates back to the 4th century AD, when it was still called Shuris-Tsikhe and played a defensive role. Throughout the history of its existence, Narikala has been repeatedly destroyed and each time restored in new images. Nowadays, it has acquired the role of a visiting card of Tbilisi and has become a real pride of local residents. There is an excellent observation deck here, from where an excellent view of the center of Tbilisi opens.
At one time, Narikala played a protective role, and its location is proof of this: on three sides the fortress is surrounded by rocks, and on the fourth – by a man-made stone luggage. Today you can climb to the top of the fortress by cable car, along the way enjoying a beautiful panorama from a height. The citadel can also be reached by bus or on foot.
On the way up, you can get acquainted with some ancient monuments – for example, visit the Orthodox monastery of Lower Bethlehem, a little higher – Upper Bethlehem, next to which is the statue of Georgia Mother. A walk to the fortress will allow you to feel the spirit of antiquity and erase the boundaries of time.
3. City of Mtskheta (20 km from Tbilisi)
View of the ancient city of Mtskheta
A sacred, truly cult place for Georgians is the city of Mtskheta, located 20 km from the Georgian capital. So many memorable historical places are concentrated here that such wealth can not be found anywhere else in all of Georgia. That is why Mtskheta is often called the “Second Jerusalem”. This also explains the status of Mtskheta as a city of shrines, to which pilgrims from all over the world go.
Mtskheta is located at the confluence of two mountain rivers – Kura and Aragvi, surrounded by majestic mountain peaks.
The city is so ancient that its entire history is measured in millennia. According to historical sources, the city was founded in the 1st millennium BC, during the founding of the kingdom of Kartli (Iveria) in Georgia, the capital of which at that time was Mtskheta.
Mtskheta has experienced a very long and difficult history – the walls of the city experienced the onslaught of Roman and Persian troops, in the Middle Ages the city played the role of an important trade, craft and religious center. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the territory and surroundings of Mtskheta were declared an architectural and historical museum, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Among the sights of Georgia located in Mtskheta, it is worth visiting at least some of them.
- Jvari – a monastery immortalized in M. Lermontov's poem “Mtsyri”; Svetitskhoveli – an Orthodox church and cathedral, the architecture of which corresponds to the plan of a cross-domed church; Samtavro – an active convent, built in the 11th century; Shio-Mgvime is an active monastery of the 6th century with numerous cells of monks dug in the caves of the mountains.
4. Vardzia (south of Georgia, border with Turkey)
Vardzia cave monastery complex
In Georgia, as a country of majestic mountains, a special kind of art has historically developed – carving the premises of temples, fortresses and even entire cities in the rocks. Thus, another landmark of Georgia, the ancient city of Vardzia, located near the border with Turkey, became the object of such unusual architecture.
The city was carved into the rocks in the 12th-13th centuries AD. to protect the southern borders of Georgia from enemy attacks. The unusual city is a whole multi-level complex with streets, stairs, tunnels, monasteries, baths, libraries, fortresses and living quarters. In total, the city has more than six hundred rooms, connected by passages that went 50 meters deep into the rocks, extended along the cliff for 800 meters in width, and were 8 levels high.
In the event of an enemy attack, the city served as a refuge for civilians and could accommodate up to 20 thousand people. In the center of the cave city, a temple of the Assumption of the Virgin is carved, where fragments of frescoes dating back to the 12th century have been preserved to this day. According to one version, it was here that Queen Tamara, who ruled in those years, was buried, and so that the vandals could not find and destroy the tomb, eight funeral processions set off from Tbilisi on the days of her death to different parts of the world.
In the 13th century, as a result of a major earthquake, a huge layer of rock separated from the rock in which the city of Vardzia was located, exposing the walls of the city. Later, Vardzia suffered from the Mongol invasion, and today about 15 novices of the monastery live here. In 1938, Vardzia acquired the status of a museum-reserve, which it remains to this day.
5. Bridge of Peace (Tbilisi)
Bridge of peace across the Kura
In the middle of Tbilisi, not so long ago, in 2010, a unique structure appeared – a modern bridge across the Kura River (Mtkvari), connecting the two banks as two historical eras. The Bridge of Peace has become one of the most modern sights of Georgia, which is loved by both locals and guests of the city. However, this was not always the case – at one time the construction of the bridge caused a wide resonance in society, for many it was unacceptable to combine monuments of ancient architecture located in the historical part of the city with such a modern structure.
Nevertheless, the bridge was installed, which brought positive changes to the architecture of the city – the Peace Bridge connected the past and the future of the city. The length of the bridge is 156 meters, and about 30,000 light bulbs are built into its structure, combined into one interactive light system. As the sun sets, all this beauty lights up and flashes in Morse code transmission mode, which transmits the names of the chemical elements that make up the human body. According to the plan of the Italian architect Michel de Lucci, this message plays the role of a kind of hymn to life and peace.
Stylish and modern design made of glass and metal simultaneously began to play another important role in the life of the city – the role of a link between the walking park Rike, also built not so long ago, and the Old Town of Tbilisi.
Watch the beautiful places of Georgia in this wonderful video !
6. Svan towers (mountainous region of Svaneti)
Harsh and powerful Svan towers
In the picturesque mountainous regions of the country, namely in Svaneti, you will find something to see in Georgia – Svan towers are located here. Those structures that have survived to this day were erected in the period of the 8th-13th centuries.
There are several assumptions for which the Svan towers were erected.
- according to one of the statements, they performed a defensive role; another suggestion suggests that the Svan towers were used to protect houses during avalanches; another assumption speaks of the notification function of the towers – during the danger, a fire was lit on the main tower, and when they noticed the fire, they came to combat readiness at all posts.
The base of the tower is made of masonry about 2 meters high, which makes the tower resistant to earthquakes. Usually the Svan tower includes 4-5 floors, between which a wooden staircase is laid. Each floor of the tower has a narrow window, usually facing south. Today, the towers are not used for any purpose, climbing to the top of the tower is not possible due to the lack of partitions and stairs that have collapsed long ago.
Some of the towers are state-owned, while others are privately owned, and some owners have there are plans to equip these premises for tourists.
7. Uplistsikhe (12 km east of Gori)
The ancient cave city of Uplistsikhe
“Fortress of God” – this is how you can literally translate the name of the unique landmark of Georgia, an ancient monument of architecture – the cave city of Uplistsikhe. It is located 75 km from Tbilisi and 12 km from Gori.
In ancient times, this rock city included a whole complex of majestic temples, halls for celebrations and living quarters. All of them were connected with each other by special corridors-tunnels. The city has a multi-level structure, to this day a lot of religious objects have been preserved here.
Uplistsikhe was built over several millennia. So, in the 1st millennium BC. the rock city served as a cult religious center, and by the 4th century BC. it had everything for a perfect stay. Despite the fact that there were many residential buildings, religious buildings still played the main role.
In 337 AD, when Christianity was recognized as the state religion of the country, a battle took place between the Old Believers who inhabited Uplistsikhe and the followers of Christianity. The inhabitants of the cave city were executed, many rooms were destroyed and looted.
The final decline of Uplistsikhe occurred in the 13-14th centuries, when about 5 thousand inhabitants were killed as a result of the Mongol invasion.
Today, only a small part of the ancient complex is available for inspection, but even here you can see interesting sights of Uplistsikhe:
- Hall of Queen Tamara; the temple of Makvliani, preserved from the time of the Hellenistic era; a temple with an unusual coffered ceiling, where a beautiful relief is carved into the rock; secret tunnel to Kura; Uplistsuli temple; a pharmacy with stone cells in which medicinal drugs were stored.
8. Betania Monastery (16 km from Tbilisi)
Monastery of Betania
Not far from the village of Samadlo, 16 kilometers from the city of Tbilisi, there is an ancient monument of religious culture – the monastery of Betania. The shrine was erected in the name of the Nativity of the Mother of God, and today the monastery remains active, monks live in it, services are held in compliance with all customs and traditions. An ancient religious landmark of Georgia is located in the gorge of the Vera River. There are two more small churches on the territory of the monastery.
There is little reliable information about the origin and existence of Betania – it is only known that the main church of the Nativity of the Virgin was built around the 12th century, and the small church of St. George – a little later, towards the end of the 12th century. The frescoes in the Church of the Nativity date back to around 1207.
The Church of the Nativity is a classical building of the cross-domed type. This temple is famous for its frescoes, which are of the greatest value in the interior decoration. One of the most significant frescoes is a portrait of Queen Tamara and a fresco depicting King George III.
Services were held in the temple for many years in a row, but in the Middle Ages, when all the inhabitants died here, the place was abandoned for many centuries. And only in 1850 the dilapidated temple was discovered by the artist architect Gagarin, who discovered there a fresco depicting Queen Tamara. The temple was restored and began to live a new life, which continues today.
9. Kazbek (border of Georgia with Russia)
Kazbek – the legendary five-thousander of the Caucasus
The Caucasus has always attracted the beauty of the mountain slopes and the grandeur of the mountain peaks, its strength and inaccessibility. The picturesque landscapes of the Caucasus once again confirm that travelers and desperate conquerors of mountain peaks have something to visit in Georgia. One of the highest and most beautiful peaks of the Caucasus is Mount Kazbek, located right on the Georgian-Russian border. The landscapes of Kazbek are unusually beautiful – in order to comprehend all the beauty and charm of these places, you should definitely visit here and see everything with your own eyes.
The height of Mount Kazbek is 5047 meters, and starting from a height of about 3300 meters, eternal snow lies on the slopes of the mountain. Below this mark, subalpine and alpine meadows extend. Several large glaciers descend from the peaks in all directions. In the vicinity of the peak, deposits of igneous rock are observed – once powerful lava flows passed here, descending along the slopes into the Darial Gorge. The fact is that by origin Mount Kazbek is a dormant volcano. The origin of the mountain began several million years ago – in the place of Kazbek there was a shallow sea, which was surrounded by chains of low mountain peaks, which became the prototype of the modern Caucasian ridge. Magma eruptions carried mineral sediments and stones from the depths to the surface, and lava layering over many centuries led to the formation of a mountain.
There are thermal springs right at the foot of Mount Kazbek, the stormy Terek River flows and the historical Georgian Military road.
10. Ananuri Fortress (12 km from Ananuri)
Ananuri Fortress on the banks of the Aragvi River
Ananuri Fortress is located on the Georgian Military Highway, at a distance of 12 kilometers from the town of the same name Ananuri. In fact, the Georgian Military Highway itself is already the most important sight of Georgia, along it there are a lot of memorable places.
The Ananuri Fortress was built on the banks of the Aragvi River, at the mouth of the Vedzatkhevi River. The exact date of its construction is unknown – the construction of one of its towers is attributed to the 13th century. The first detailed descriptions of the castle itself date back to the beginning of the 18th century. Initially, a tower was built on the site of the fortress, which was later surrounded by the fortress. Erected for defensive purposes, Ananuri was an important outpost. During the period of civil strife among the eristavis (13th century), it performed a protective function, preventing attacks from the Darial Gorge and allowing, if necessary, to retreat to the mountains.
The entire perimeter of the fortress walls has been preserved to this day. Three temples are available for inspection and study, several small towers and two large ones, of which one is the earliest building on the site of the fortress.
From the point of view of architecture, the Assumption Church, built in 1689, is of the greatest value in Ananuri . It has classical proportions and a cross-domed type of architecture, its facade is decorated with decorative elements in the form of crosses and vines, which is not typical for buildings of that period.
To the west of the Assumption Church is the older Church of the Virgin Mary, also called Spassky.
Sights of Georgia: what else to visit while in Georgia
Each traveler has his own preferences and financial possibilities, so we have prepared information about different sights, among which you can find the right ones for you. And do not forget that excursions in Georgia are not just sightseeing, but also communication with local residents!
11. Trinity Church (Gergeti village, at the foot of Mount Kazbek)
Trinity Church at the foot of Kazbek
For those who are planning a trip to Kazbek or have already been there, there is something to see in Georgia. At the very foot of the mountain, in the village of Gergeti, there is the Trinity, or Gergeti, church. This is one of the buildings from which acquaintance with the cultural heritage of Georgia begins.
Gergeti Church of the Holy Trinity was built in the 14th century. At the same time, a bell tower was erected separately from the temple, which is located nearby. The first historical references to this church belong to the 18th century. At that time, Georgia was subjected to Persian invasions, and many valuable relics were hidden from the enemy in the temple, including the cross of St. Nina.
During the period of the Soviet Union, there were no divine services in the church. In order to shorten the way to the temple, a cable car was built here in 1988, which led from the village of Kazbegi. But soon, at the request of the local population, the road was dismantled. Nowadays, the temple has been restored, today it is a functioning male monastery.
Like most religious buildings, the Trinity Church is rich in interesting bas-reliefs. So, on one of the bas-reliefs of the bell tower, some terrible creatures called vishaps are depicted. It was believed that they were once deities, but with the advent of Christianity they turned into dragons.
There is a tradition among climbers to stop for the night near the temple. This helps them get used to the height and gain strength for the next ascent.
12. Dadiani Palace (Zugdidi)
Ancestral Palace of Prince Dadiani
In the Georgian city of Zugdidi, there is a landmark of Georgia that keeps its original history and has become the pride of the whole city. This is the Dadiani Palace, the residence of the Megrelian rulers of the Dadiani family. The palace is full of treasures, among which the death mask of Napoleon is considered the most valuable. But how was this French relic connected with the Georgian land? The fact is that the princes of Dadiani were distantly related to Napoleon, for this very reason many relics associated with the great French commander came here.
- Until 1918, the Dadiani Palace in Zugdidi served as the residence of the rulers of Dadiani. The palace included two buildings – the first was built in 1878 for Princess Catherine, and the second – for her son, Nikolai Dadiani. As a result of the Russian-Turkish wars, the Megrelian principality was abolished in 1866, and the residence remained at the disposal of Dadiani. The Dadiani Palace today houses a museum founded in 1849. Among the valuable exhibits are medieval weapons, an icon of Queen Tamara's mother, an antique gold mask and some other items related to the life of the Dadiani family. And, of course, the culmination of the collection is one of the 3 death masks of Napoleon Bonaparte.
If you have time, you should also visit the beautiful park area of the palace, the best European gardeners worked on its creation. Many rare plants collected from different parts of the world grow here – a botanical garden has been organized on the territory of the park.
13. Metekhi (Tbilisi)
The historical district of Metekhi on a high cliff
Everyone who is not indifferent to the history of Georgia will definitely find something to visit in Georgia during their trip. They should definitely visit the oldest district of Tbilisi – Metekhi, located between the Avlabari district and the Old City. This area is full of old buildings, but its main attraction is the temple of the same name of the 12th century, located on a rock with a wonderful view of the capital.
It was from the Metekhi region in the 5th century AD. The development of Tbilisi began when King Vakhtang Gorgasal founded the city. During archaeological excavations across the river from Metekhi, some ruins were discovered – according to assumptions, this was the first palace complex that served as a royal residence.
Among the attractions of this area, the following are worth visiting:
- the temple of Metekhi, built in the 12th century at the same time as the fort fortress on the top of the rock; the grave of the holy Georgian martyr Shushanik, who was killed during the construction of the hypothetical palace of Vakhtang Gorgasal; a monument to the founder of Tbilisi, Vakhtang Gorgasal, erected on a rock observation platform; Metekhi Bridge, built to replace the oldest wooden bridge in Tbilisi across the Kura River; restaurant “In the shadow of Metekhi”, located near the cliff, where you can taste delicious national cuisine, including shish kebab, khachapuri and Georgian wine.
14. Kumistavi Cave (Tskaltubo)
Kumistavi karst cave
On the border of the Greater Caucasus and the Colchis lowland, 20 kilometers from Kutaisi, there is a small Georgian town of Tskhaltubo. 5 kilometers from the city there is a mysterious landmark of Georgia – karst caves, among which the most visited and equipped was the Kumistavi cave, the second name of which is the cave of Prometheus.
This cave was discovered in 1984, and almost immediately became visited tourist facility. The largest cave in Georgia stretches underground to a depth of 11 kilometers, and only a tenth of it is open for visiting and exploring. But even in this area, walking takes at least an hour.
Today it is one of the most attractive and tempting places in Georgia: underground rivers and lakes, waterfalls, bizarre stalactites and stalagmites, colorful illumination – all this attracts with its beauty and unusualness. A visit to the Kumistavi cave gives guests a unique opportunity to explore the region's underground world in all its beauty.
For example, you can take a 1.6-kilometer hiking trail or a boat trip along a real cave river. The temperature inside the cave at any time of the year is around 14 degrees, which makes visiting it comfortable.
The cave of Prometheus acquired its second name thanks to one Caucasian legend, according to which the hero Amirani, like Prometheus, having angered the gods, was punished – he was chained inside the cave, and the eagle tormented his liver day and night.
Official website: http://apa.gov.ge/
15. Gelati Monastery (4 km from Kutaisi)
Medieval Gelati Monastery in Georgia
If your route runs through Kutaisi, or you are passing through here, you have something to see in Georgia, and for this you do not need to travel far. Just 4 km northeast of Kutaisi, in the midst of picturesque landscapes and lush vegetation, is an ancient landmark of Georgia – the Gelati Monastery.
The ensemble of the Gelati Monastery consists of 3 temples and a bell tower. A life-giving holy spring originates 50 meters from the church fence. The building of the Gelati Academy, founded at the monastery, deserves special attention – in the medieval era, the academy was the center of scientific thought.
In our time, enough information has been preserved about how the monastery was built and how life flowed in it at different times.< /p>
- The monastery was founded in 1106 by the Georgian king David. Along with the temple, the Gelati Academy was founded in the same years. In the 13-14 centuries, active construction continued – the Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, the Church of St. George the Victorious and the bell tower were erected on the territory of the monastery. At the beginning of the 16th century, the monastery was ravaged by the Turks, but by order of the then reigning King Bagrat III, the main cathedral of the monastery was restored. In 1923, the entire church inventory was transferred to the museum in Kutaisi, and the monastery was recognized as a subsidiary of the museum. Today, Gelati is a functioning monastery, an important spiritual center of Georgia, included in the UNESCO cultural heritage list.
16. House of Mirza Riza Khan (Borjomi)
House of Mirza Riza Khan near Borjomi Central Park Marcin Konsek
Mirror and turquoise patterns on the inside of the central balcony Iskenderov Rauf Avyaz ogly
An architectural monument of the end of the century before last is the elegant mansion of Mirza Riza Khan in the very center of the city of Borjomi. It is not surprising that such a beautiful house belonged to a man with a special status, which was the Persian consul Mirza Riza Khan. Carved patterns framing the stone elements of the facade contain the name of the house, the name of its owner and the date of construction. The delicate turquoise decoration of its facade is a unique mixture of Georgian, European and Iranian architecture. In the last century, at different times, a museum worked here, there was a hotel and a sanatorium. Today, within the walls of the house-palace there is a luxurious hotel with a restaurant, a swimming pool, a sauna and a room for wellness procedures.
17. Katskhi Pillar (Katskhi village)
Architectural buildings on top of a limestone monolith in the village of Katskhi
The tradition of erecting monasteries on a hill can be traced to the example of some Georgian monasteries – an example is the Jvari Monastery, located on the top of Mount Armazi, as well as the Katskhi Pillar – a small monastic complex erected on a 40-meter top of a rock formation. This facility is located in the Imereti region, in the village of Katskhi. Presumably, the monastery was built between the 6th and 8th centuries. Until the 15th century, lonely hermit monks offered daily prayers from the top of the Katskhi pillar, and with the invasion of Turkey, these lands, like the monastery, fell into disrepair. A new life was given to the monastery in 1993 by a monk who restored the church on the rock, and it was named after Maximus the Confessor.
18. Qvevri and Wine Museum (Telavi)
Large egg-shaped qvevri is used in the making of Levan Totosashvili wine
Georgian traditional kevri-jugs buried in the ground in the tomasz przechlewski wine cellar
The generous and beautiful Georgian lands conquer and inspire from the first trip – happy is the one who finds himself in Georgia for the first time. What to see in these parts in the autumn? Georgia in autumn is a place of magnificent colorful landscapes, warm sea, pleasant weather and fruitful abundance. The sun warms with farewell gentle rays, grapes are harvested and excellent Georgian wine is prepared. This is the time to visit an interesting sight of Georgia in autumn – the Qvevri and Wine Museum. During a tour of the museum, you can see the process of growing vines, the technology for obtaining juice, when it is squeezed out along with the seeds and poured into qvevri – a large clay vessel that is buried up to the neck in the ground. The main exhibit is a giant kvevri clay jug about 8 meters high.
Official website: http://www.georgianmuseums
19. Alphabet Tower (Batumi)
Tower “Alphabet” in the night illumination in the northern part of the embankment of the city of Batumi T L
In addition to historical buildings, natural objects, there are also modern technological sights of Georgia, Batumi is one of them. The 130-meter metal structure of 2012 is a giant DNA helix, along the entire length of which there are 33 Georgian letters. Under the spherical dome of the tower, it was once planned to place an observatory, a television studio, but so far there is a souvenir shop, a coffee shop and a restaurant with national cuisine. And from the top you can see Batumi from a bird's eye view, going up there on a special high-speed elevator. The tower is most beautiful at night, when the structure's fascinating illumination is turned on – spirals, a spherical top and, of course, all the letters of the Georgian alphabet are illuminated.
20. Makhuntseti and Queen Tamara Bridge (30 km from Batumi)
Tourists on the arched bridge of Queen Tamara across the river Adjaristskhali Kober
One of the highest waterfalls in Adjara Wojciech Biegun
Within one tour of Adjara, you can cover several interesting objects at once. So, 30 kilometers from Batumi is the highest waterfall in the region – Makhuntseti, which is most full-flowing in spring. Thundering water falling from a 30-meter height into the canyon, the purest natural font in which you can refresh yourself, and the beautiful mountains of Adjara somewhere in the background – all these bewitching views are simply breathtaking. Those who are in this region for the first time will be helped by a detailed tourist map of Georgia, which will allow them to navigate the natural objects located here. So, not far from the waterfall, within walking distance, there is an arched bridge built about 900 years ago – during the reign of Queen Tamara. Its length is 29 m, height – 6 m, and fragments of rocks were used as building material. Are you in Georgia? And how about visiting the neighboring country – Turkey? After all, there is something to see! Read about the sights of Turkey and plan your next trip to Asia!