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The Czech Republic is a country, having visited which, you can fall in love not only with this region, but also with life itself. The unhurried life of a small state, which has concentrated magnificent nature, an abundance of historical and architectural monuments, well-known health resorts, attracts more and more tourists every year. Traveling around the country will be remembered for a long time, and many of the guests then return here again and again to feel the spirit of these historical places. What to see in the Czech Republic if you came here for the first time? Visit ancient monuments, museums, breweries, restaurants – those places that create a unique image of this country. The sights of the Czech Republic are diverse. Local guides will help you get acquainted with them, each of which will open the Czech Republic for you in a new way, adding new impressions and emotions from visiting this country to your discoveries.
What to see in the Czech Republic in the first place
Even guides in the Czech Republic will probably not be able to list all the local attractions, but there are those attractions that everyone knows. It is they with descriptions and photos that are presented below, so that any traveler can make his visit to this country exciting, based on his interests and the number of days to rest.
1. Prague Castle (Prague)
One of the most important sights of the Czech Republic, which has literally become a symbol of the state, is the largest castle in Prague Castle, located in Prague. It is a whole complex of buildings, temples and fortifications surrounding the main squares and courtyards of the city. This is a whole district of the city, quite large in area, which performs a cultural, historical and political role. Previously, the castle served as the residence of Czech kings and emperors, today it plays the role of a representative office of the country's president. The residence is guarded by a large military unit, consisting of six hundred Guardians of the City. Every hour there is a changing of the guard, and at noon this action is even accompanied by a special orchestra. Guests of the city specially come to the walls of the complex in order to watch this solemn ceremony.
Prague Castle today has become one of the most visited tourist sites in the city. Visitors are allowed into the ceremonial halls of the palace complex only twice a year – on May 8 (Liberation Day) and October 28 (Republic Foundation Day.)
Official website: https://www. hrad.cz
2. Charles Bridge (Prague)
Charles Bridge – visiting card of the Czech Republic
Speaking about what to visit in the Czech Republic in the first place, special attention should be paid to the Charles Bridge, which has become a real hallmark of the country in our time. By the way, there are 18 bridges in the capital of the Czech Republic, fraught with a rich history, but undoubtedly the Charles Bridge is the oldest and most beautiful among them. In addition to its immediate function – connecting the opposite banks of the Vltava River, this bridge has occupied an important place in the history of the city. The bridge was conceived by the Czech king Charles IV, opened in 1402, since then it has undergone some changes – a horse-drawn road passed through it, trams ran for a long time, but now the bridge has become pedestrian again, which attracts many tourists and is a favorite place for walking .
The history of the bridge is shrouded in numerous legends, and one of the favorite beliefs among modern residents and visitors is that the bridge has auspicious energy, and there are several special places on the bridge where visitors make their cherished wishes.
Official website: http://www.prague.eu
3. Wenceslas Square (Prague)
Wenceslas Square – the heart of Prague
While traveling around Prague, you don't have to think about what to see in the Czech Republic – sooner or later, by accident or intentionally, you will still find yourself in the very heart of the city – on Wenceslas Square. Here, even in the middle of the night, hundreds of people are walking and hurrying somewhere, luring countless shops and restaurants with their signs.
Once there was a horse market on the site of Wenceslas Square, but since 1848, after the anti-Habsburg uprising that took place here, this territory has become a place where crowds of people gathered on memorable dates:
- in 1918, the people celebrated the liberation here from imperial oppression; in 1948, the workers demanded that power be given to the communes; in 1989, on the contrary, a large crowd demanded that the communists give up power.
Today, guests of the city come to this square to visit local memorial sites, and residents gather here to celebrate the victory of the national team in the hockey championship, drink beer in the nearest pub. Both of them invariably meet on Wenceslas Square, so that further, whoever goes where, again go about their business.
4. St. Vitus Cathedral (Prague)
Cathedral St. Vitus – the pearl of European Gothic
If you wonder what is the most significant sights of the Czech Republic, then any local resident will answer without hesitation that this is St. Vitus Cathedral – one of the most important sights not only in Prague, but throughout the state. This is a truly grandiose and monumental building, the first stone of which was laid in the middle of the 14th century, and the last stage of construction was completed only in the middle of the last century. For many centuries, coronations of Czech kings were held here, royal weddings were celebrated, high-ranking personalities of the country were seen off on their last journey. True masters of their craft worked on the construction of the Cathedral from century to century. The majestic building, embodying a mixture of two styles – Gothic and Baroque, rises sedately above old Prague, resting its pointed spiers directly into the sky. By the way, the highest towers of the cathedral reach hundreds of meters in height, which is why the building of the Cathedral can be easily observed from almost any corner of the Czech capital.
Official website: https://www .katedralasvatehovita.cz
5. Strahov Monastery (Prague)
Strahov Monastery in Prague
If you look at the lands of the Czech capital from Petrin Hill and go down towards the historical district – Hradcany, then the further path will lie to one of the most beautiful buildings – the Strahov Monastery. This is also one of the oldest sights in the Czech Republic, the foundation of which dates back to 1140.
The very name “Strahovsky” speaks for itself – once the hill itself was called Strahovsky, since an outpost was located here to protect the approaches to old Prague. The monastery itself was originally built of wood, so in 1258, as a result of a terrible fire, almost all of its buildings burned to the ground. Years later, the monastery was restored, but over the centuries it burned and collapsed more than once due to wars and civil strife. The monastery was restored over and over again, with the change of eras, its architectural styles also changed. Its last “reincarnation” took place in the 18th century, and the appearance in which the monastery appears before us now corresponds to the baroque style popular at that time, which is characterized by solemnity, an abundance of flexible and smooth lines, and the richness of external and internal decoration.
Official website: https://www.strahovskyklaster.cz
Check out the beautiful places in the Czech Republic in this wonderful video!
6. Lednice Castle (50 km from Brno)
Lednice castle with a park
Each section of a small state is replete with architectural, historical, cultural objects. And what to see in the Czech Republic if you are in the south of the country, on the border with Austria? Of course, first of all, this is the Lednice Castle, which is part of the large Lednice-Valtice complex, one of the most important sights of the Czech Republic. This complex, which once belonged to the Liechtenstein family, was included in the UNESCO cultural heritage list in 1996.
Lednice Castle was built back in 1222, but it acquired its modern look much later, only in the 18th century, thanks to the work of the architect Georg Wingelmüller. After reconstruction, the complex acquired an architectural appearance in the style of romanticism.
If you find yourself in this amazing place, a lot of interesting things await you:
- stunning interiors – carved ceilings and stairs, marble fireplaces, antique furniture; a large greenhouse on the right side of the castle, full of rare plants and flowers from warm countries; a large-scale park with rare species of trees, stretching around the castle; the 60-meter minaret of Gardmouth, which was previously used as a watchtower; many rare species of birds living in the surrounding protected reservoirs.
Official website: https://www.zamek-lednice.com/ru
7. Chocolate Museum (Prague)
Exposition of “sweet Museum
Chocolate lovers and true chocolate gourmets will definitely find something to visit in the Czech Republic, because in the very heart of the Czech capital, not far from the Old Town Square, there is another unique attraction of the Czech Republic – the “sweet” chocolate museum. It is known that the Czechs treat this delicacy with special respect and consider chocolate a symbol of friendship and positive disposition towards a person who is worthy of such a treat. It is thanks to this selfless love and reverence for chocolate that one of the world's best museums was created. Despite the “young” age of the museum, because it was opened in 2008, today a huge number of visitors flock here. Everyone who wants to plunge into the world of chocolate, learn about its rich history, which is about 2600 years old, and also taste various types of cocoa bean delicacies come here.
In general, the chocolate museum is divided into several parts:
- in the first you can learn about the history of the cocoa drink and its first appearance in Europe; in the second – to learn the details of the origin and development of chocolate production; in the third – to see interesting historical chocolate wrappers from different times.
Official website: http://www.choco-story-praha.cz
8. Konepruska Caves (30 km from Prague)
The world of bizarre stalactites and stalagmites in Konepruska cave
In the central part of the country, 30 kilometers from Prague, there is an interesting natural attraction of the Czech Republic – Koneprussky caves, which today are the largest cave complex in the country. The caves got their name from the area in which they are located – Koneprussy.
What is this natural object? The Konepruska caves are a whole world of multi-tiered caves full of bizarre stalactites and stalagmites, with a total length of about 2 kilometers and a tourist route 600 meters long. At the same time, the height between the upper and lower tiers in some places reaches 70 meters.
Regardless of the temperature and weather conditions outside, the inside of the caves has its own microclimate – almost 100% humidity, the average temperature is kept at around + 10⁰С. The whole tour of the caves is long, it takes about 2 hours, so you should dress warmly.
Now the entire tourist route in the caves is well-maintained – the backlight is on, concrete paths, stairs, railings are laid, information boards are installed.
Official website: http://www.caves.cz
9. Smradech Nature Reserve (Marianske Lazne)
Smradeh Nature Reserve – a place of unique mineral springs
The sights of the Czech Republic are diverse and unique, and one of them, near the resort town of Marianske Lazne, was created by nature itself. The vast forest complex, on the expanses of which there is a natural reservoir filled with mineral waters and natural gases, acquired the name Smradeh. The principle of choosing such a name becomes clear already during a visit to these places: as a result of the formation of accumulations of hydrogen sulfide in local reservoirs, a characteristic smell is formed that cannot be called pleasant. Hence the name, consonant with the unpleasant smell, or stench, that has spread throughout the reserve.
Some features of the reserve, which have arisen due to the unique geological properties of this territory, deserve special attention:
- rare plants of higher species grow; there are a large number of springs, which are fed by about 40 sources; observation platforms offer a view of the mud volcanoes located on the territory of the reserve.
10. Belvedere Royal Palace (Prague)
The graceful summer palace of Queen Anne
The historical and cultural heritage of the Czech capital is remarkable for its amazing richness and variety of sights in the Czech Republic. If your route runs through Prague, you will not have to look for what to see in the Czech Republic, but on the contrary, you will have to choose from the mass of tourist sites those that are worth visiting first of all. Among these places is the summer palace of Queen Anne, also called the Belvedere Royal Palace.
The palace was founded in 1538 and was intended as a gift for Queen Anne by her loving husband, Ferdinand of Habsburg. Unfortunately, the queen never received this gift, as she died after the birth of her fifteenth child. The construction of the complex continued until 1541, after which the work had to be stopped due to severe fires in the city, and construction was completed only by 1861.
The palace is a 2-storey building designed in the Renaissance style.< /p>
The luxury of its architecture and external decor deserves special attention:
- along the upper part of its walls there is a wide edging of 80 cm, painted with ornaments; the building itself is surrounded by an arcade of 36 columns with Tuscan capitals around the perimeter; on the second floor there is a ballroom and a gallery; The building is crowned with an interesting design roof, reminiscent of the shape of a ship's keel.
Sights of the Czech Republic: what else to visit while in the Czech Republic
Excursions in the Czech Republic do not always bring the expected pleasure, and the main reason is the lack of understanding of what the tourist would like to see. Our list of the most beautiful and historically important places will solve this problem – you can easily choose what is more interesting to you and will not waste time and money in vain.
11. Dancing Building (Prague)
“Ginger and Fred” – the architectural embodiment of dance
An interesting monument of architecture in the style of deconstructivism has become one of the most popular attractions in the Czech Republic. This is the Dancing House, dedicated to a couple of famous Broadway dancers who once shone in the Czech Republic. In outline, the building really resembles a couple frozen in dance – a man and a woman: one of the parts of the building, which has a more strict outline and is slightly expanded upwards, repeats the outline of a male figure, the second, more flexible and expanded downwards, repeats a female silhouette with a skirt fluttering in motion.
The building of an unusual shape was erected here not so long ago – in the 90s of the last century. Previously, on the site of a creative creation of architecture, there was an ordinary residential building, which was destroyed due to bombing by American aircraft, and the ruins remained on this site until the 1960s.
Today, the Dancing House is essentially an office center, and on its top floor there is a restaurant with a beautiful view of the city, and in 2016 a hotel with 21 rooms and an excellent panoramic view was opened here.
Official Website: http://tadu.cz/en/
12. Thermal Springs (Karlovy Vary)
Those wishing to improve their health do not have to think about what to visit in the Czech Republic – of course, first of all they should see the world-famous resort of Karlovy Vary. Mineral water from thermal springs here plays a fundamental role in spa treatment. There are 13 thermal springs in the spa, of which 12 are used for treatment and recovery.
Once, about 600 years ago, at the time of the birth of spa business in Karlovy Vary, people came here more intuitively than purposefully, went to thermal water to cure many ailments.
Drinking treatment with local mineral waters is carried out here regularly and in certain doses prescribed by a spa doctor. The effectiveness of the impact of thermal waters on the body is due to the high content of minerals in them. Thermal water of Karlovy Vary has a whole range of useful properties:
- improves intestinal microflora, speeds up metabolism; removes toxins from the body; improves digestion.
Official site: http://www.thermal.cz/en/
13. Mill Colonnade (Karlovy Vary)
The famous colonnade in Karlovy Vary
The spa city of Karlovy Vary is known throughout the world as a mineral water resort and, in fact, is the most important attraction of the Czech Republic. One of the main symbols of the architecture of this city was the Mill Colonnade – a large structure of columns built in the 19th century by the Czech architect Josef Zitek. Initially, the colonnade was planned to be even more grandiose – three-story, but due to lack of funds, the plan was not fully implemented: the one-story colonnade was 132 meters long and was built from 124 columns. Most of the local mineral springs are located in the Mill Colonnade or nearby:
- The “mill” spring is made in the form of a vase, previously it was used only for bathing, later the water from the spring was considered useful for drinking. Rusalka spring – previously located separately, but later, due to the large flow of visitors, the source was expanded. As a result, he became part of the colonnade. “Prince Vratslav” was included in the Mill Colonnade not so long ago, before its own colonnade of vases towered over the source. “Rock” source – is located right in the rock, on the banks of the river. Previously, horses were bathed in this spring, hence its second name – “Horse Lane”.
14. Ossuary in Kutná Hora (80 km from Prague)
Gothic Church Ossuary or Church of All Saints in Kutna Hora cs:User:Zp
The town of Kutna Hora is located 80 kilometers from the Czech capital. Here is one of the frightening and at the same time fascinating sights of the Czech Republic – the Church of All Saints, also known as the Ossuary. In the Middle Ages, the tradition was widespread to bury the dead in temples. This temple was no exception, but here the bones of the dead are not just stored – all the interior decoration is made of them. Chandeliers, crosses are trimmed with bones, coats of arms are lined – all this is impressive and even shocks modern visitors to some extent.
The history of the Ossuary began in the distant 13th century, when one of the monks scattered the holy earth brought from Golgotha over the cemetery of the monastery. Later, the local land was considered sacred, and being buried in this cemetery was considered a great honor. Over time, the cemetery began to grow rapidly in size due to endless wars, epidemics and floods. By the 16th century, so many bones had accumulated that it was at this time that they began to be used to decorate temple decoration. By 1870, the interior was changed and the bone decor that has survived in the temple to this day was created.
Official website: http://www.ossuary.eu/index.php/en/
15. Mala Strana (Prague)
The most beautiful district of Prague Lesser Town
In the Czech capital, between the Hradcany district and the Vltava River, there is the most beautiful district of Prague – Mala Strana. Quiet narrow streets paved with stone, many cozy gardens and terraces, palace and park complexes with baroque facades – in a word, the Lesser Town area – this is what you should see in the Czech Republic in the first place if you are in its capital.
< ul>On Petřín Hill you can relax, enjoying the picturesque panorama of the city from a hill. On Lesser Town Square is the Cathedral of St. Mikulas, built in 1702 and becoming one of the most beautiful baroque churches in Prague. On the island of Kampa, you can arrange an informative walk and visit a lot of local attractions – for example, the John Lennon memorial wall, the bridge of lovers, a water mill, a puppet shop and many other interesting places. Another memorable place in Malaya Strana is the Wall of Famine, or the Bread Wall, which at one time served as a powerful defensive structure. The wall was erected by order of Charles IV and was designed to deflect enemy attacks on the city during times of constant wars.
16. Prague Astronomical Clock (Prague)
Medieval astronomical clock on the southern wall of the tower of the Old Town Hall in Prague
Opens the best sights of the Czech Republic Prague is the magical capital of Bohemia and one of the most beautiful European cities. And one of the symbols of the city is the world-famous astronomical clock, located on the Old Town Square, on the wall of the Old Town Hall. Repeatedly, the mechanism and appearance of the watch was destroyed, the most serious of which occurred during the Second World War, but later it was restored by talented craftsmen. A ring with the signs of the zodiac and symbols of the sun and moon moves around the circle of the astronomical dial. Special attention should be paid to such design elements as the figure of an angel at the top of the chimes, 12 figures of the apostles and a gilded rooster at the very top – all these sculptures play the role of “protectors” from the influence of dark forces.
17. České Budějovice Town Square (Ceske Budějovice)
Square town square with Baroque Town Hall and Samson Fountain in České Budějovice
The main administrative, economic and cultural center of the South Bohemian region, as well as one of the “beer” cities of the Czech Republic, is located at the place where the Malše and Vltava rivers merge. Ceske Budejovice is one of the centers of Czech brewing, so there are two large breweries in the city, one of which produces the well-known Budweiser. And of course, the old town with buildings in the Renaissance, Baroque and Gothic styles deserves attention. Acquaintance with the city should start from the central square, which has a strict square shape. Along its perimeter, a number of historic houses are full of baroque facades. The central part of the square is crowned by the 18th century Samson Fountain. An important place is occupied by the building of the City Hall – a light blue building with allegorical sculptures of Justice, Prudence, Wisdom and Courage.
18. Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul (Brno)
The Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul in the Romanesque style rises above the city of Brno
Of great importance for the entire Czech nation is the Cathedral of Peter and Paul, which once became the first church in the city of Brno. At all times, starting from the 13th century, when the cathedral was founded, the Czech people found support and consolation in it, and for enemies the cathedral was a symbol of stamina, endurance and unshakable spirit. Two towers, looking up and as if piercing the sky with their spiers, have long become a recognizable symbol of the city. Today, the cathedral is one of the most sought-after attractions, to this day divine services are held in it. No less impressive is its rich interior decoration. And from the high observation tower of the cathedral you can observe magnificent views of the city's surroundings from a height of 84 meters.
19. Church of St. John Nepomuk (Zdar nad Sazavou)
View of the Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk on Zielona Gora near Zdar nad Sazavou
This church, whose architecture is especially impressive when viewed from above, is not just a temple or a place of mass pilgrimage. This is the story of St. John of Nepomuk, immortalized in stone, the fruit of the inspiration of Abbot Wenceslas Veimluva, a great admirer of this saint. The very shape of the temple from above resembles a five-pointed star, and the surrounding buildings resemble rays extending from the star. All these features are closely intertwined with the story of the holy martyr, who was executed by the king for not disclosing the secret of the confession of the royal wife. Above the body of the saint, which was drowned after martyrdom in the waters of the Vltava, a bright star rose. Soon the monks removed the body from the water and buried it. Later, during the process of reburial and exhumation, a whole unharmed tongue was found in the skull of the saint. After the manifestation of such miracles, churches consecrated in honor of St. John of Nepomuk began to be built throughout the country.
Official website: https://www.zdarns
20 Castle Hluboka nad Vltava (Gluboka nad Vltavou)
Hluboka Castle nad Vltava surrounded by an English park on a clear summer day
When choosing what to see in the Czech Republic in spring, it is worth visiting places that are especially attractive with the arrival of spring warmth. For example, late spring is the perfect time to visit Hluboká Castle above the Vltava in the south of the country. At this time, the snow-white facade of the castle is transformed against the backdrop of juicy and bright spring greenery, and colorful spring flowers bloom in the flowerbeds of the adjacent park. The castle is an example of English romantic architecture, its façade is decorated with a beautiful pattern of snow-white decorative elements, charming battlements complete the view – the whole picture seems to have flown from the pen of some talented storyteller. The palace is framed by an English park with ornamental ponds and rare tree species.
Official website: https://www.zamek
21. Cathedral of St. Barbara (Kutná Hora)
The facade of the Cathedral of St. Barbara in the Czech city of Kutna Hora
In the city of Kutná Hora, which itself belongs to the World Heritage sites, is the second largest and most important Gothic church in the Czech Republic, after St. Vitus Cathedral. This is the Cathedral of St. Barbara, dedicated to the patroness of all miners, miners and miners. The construction of the temple was directly related to the tragic story of three miners and a saint, whom the miners turned to with a request for salvation, when there was no longer a chance for this. The saint heard their prayers, and the workers were able to get out of the rubble. One of the survivors became the founder of a beautiful temple, dedicating it to the savior. The interior of the cathedral surprises not only with its size, but also with some attributes that cannot be found in any other temple. These are frescoes dedicated to the work of miners and the life of the city, as well as a sculpture of a miner in white clothes.
Official website: http://khfarnost
22. Stare -Location (Prague)
Development of the Old Town in Prague
Tourist pedestrian street in Stare Mesto in Prague
For those who are interested in the most important, symbolic sights of the Czech Republic, the presentation of the country will not do without Stare Mesto – the historical district of Prague, in which all the historical salt of the city and the country is concentrated. It is from here that it is worth getting acquainted with the Czech Republic to everyone who arrived on its lands for the first time. Each street of the historical district is a real gallery of art monuments that preserve the heritage of the country. Among the establishments, it is worth highlighting the Public House, built on the ruins of the Royal Palace, the medieval Powder Gate, the Old Town Square – the main square of the district, the Town Hall, the former center of political life, the luxurious Baroque Church of St. museums.
23. Krumlov Castle (Cesky Krumlov)
Krumlov Castle on a rocky promontory above the Vltava in Cesky Krumlov VitVit
The pride of Cesky Krumlov is the beautiful Krumlov Castle with its high tower, which can be seen from any part of the city. The history of the palace goes back to the distant 12th century, when the city was ruled by the Vitkovych family. Repeatedly over the centuries, the castle passed into the possession of various noble families, and in 1940 it was confiscated by the German invaders. The castle was recaptured, and it was nationalized, and since the 90s it has been included in the list of world heritage. The fortress originally had an early Gothic facade, and later acquired some baroque features. A lot of interesting premises and structures are concentrated in its 5 courtyards – these are the houses of managers, a cheese factory, a mint, Wenceslas cellars, a local theater, Cloak Bridge and much more.
Official website: https ://www.zamek
24. Prague Zoo (Prague)
African animals at the Prague Zoo Altaipanther
Prague is not only a beautiful metropolitan city that fascinates with hundreds of historical monuments. They are also hardworking people who appreciate nature and treat it with special trepidation. Therefore, the city has a huge area of 60 hectares dedicated to the animal world – representatives of the fauna from all over the world live here. On two levels of the zoo, connected with each other by a funicular, you can visit the most picturesque oases of wildlife, divided into thematic zones. Most of these zones are open-air spaces, and closed pavilions contain only predators. There is also a children's area in the park, where a tram runs constantly, and the inhabitants – poultry, sheep, rabbits, pigs – contact directly with the child, taking specially prepared food from the hands.
Official site:< /em> https://www.zoopraha
25. Old Town Square (Prague)
View from the tower of the Old Town Hall on the Old Town Square in Prague Alexey Elfimov
To choose what to see in the Czech Republic in winter, you should know about interesting events that take place in cities in winter. For example, Prague is unusually transformed for Christmas – the red tiles of its houses are covered with a snow-white hat, colored lights of illumination light up, Christmas decorations appear everywhere. And perhaps the very epicenter of the celebration falls on the Old Town Square – after all, it is here that the largest Christmas market unfolds. Everywhere is crowded and lively, there are stalls where you can warm yourself with hot mulled wine, have a snack on lush pastries and taste roasted chestnuts. In the evening, the square is especially transformed: a large Christmas tree lights up with thousands of lights, and the fabulous towers of the Tyn Church magically rush up above the facades of buildings.
26. Konopiste (Benešov)
Aerial view of the Czech medieval castle Konopiste near the town of Benešov
Not far from the town of Benesov is another of the famous Czech castles – Konopiste. The origins of its foundation date back to the beginning of the 13th century, but it is known primarily due to the fact that its last owner was Archduke Ferdinand – it was his assassination that triggered the start of the First World War. By the way, the bullet fired at the Archduke is today presented as an exhibit in the museum of this castle. Franz Ferdinand, having bought the castle and surrounding areas at the end of the 19th century, tried to restore the building to its original appearance. A park with greenhouses and a rose garden appeared on the territory of the palace garden, decorated in the Baroque style. During the tour, it is proposed to visit the North Wing with the armory and the chapel located here, the South Wing with the hunting corridor, as well as the chambers of the Archduke and his family.
Official website: https://www .zamek-konopiste
27. Karlštejn Castle (28 km from Prague)
Gothic castle Karlštejn on a 72-meter cliff above the Berounka River
Karlštejn Castle became one of the symbols of the Czech kingdom during the heyday of Gothic architecture. It is also one of the most visited castles in the Czech Republic, due to its proximity to the Czech capital and the location of this attraction on the world-famous Castle Road, a tourist route that unites the most beautiful palaces of the Czech Republic. The castle was founded in the early 14th century by the Czech king as a summer residence. The whole complex, located at different height levels, consists of two parts – the Upper and Lower Castle. On the upper level is the Imperial Palace, two towers, the Church of the Virgin Mary. Below you can visit the courtyard, the burgraff and a well tower with a unique wheel-shaped mechanism for pumping water.
Official website: https://www.hrad
28 Beer factory Krusovice (village Krusovice)
Royal Brewery Krušovice – one of the oldest in the Czech Republic Hynek Moravec
In the village of Kušovice there is a world-famous brewery, whose history dates back as far as 1517. To this day, traditional centuries-old recipes are used in the production of beer, skillfully combining them with the latest technological developments. The first foamy drink was brewed within the walls of the brewery by its founder Jiri Birka, who later devoted his whole life to brewing. A tour of the modern factory begins with a visit to the company store, where you can buy Czech beer and stock up on themed souvenirs. Further, visitors are invited to a tour of the plant itself, which describes the technology of making the drink and demonstrates the most attractive part of the production – conveyors with thousands of bottles of beer, which will go on sale very soon.
29. Telc Museum City (south of the Czech Republic)
Telc museum town on a sunny day with blue sky and clouds
Zahariev Square with the famous 16th-century multi-colored houses in the museum city of Telc
The country's first cultural heritage monument is located in the southeastern part of the Bohemia region. This is the world-famous city-museum of Telc, where organized tours are made from different cities of the country. The town is famous for its well-preserved Baroque and other Renaissance architecture, and its ancient center with unique buildings creates a stunning historical atmosphere. The approximate year of the foundation of the city is 1099, and it all began with the construction of a Romanesque church, which was laid by the royal governor Otto. Initially, all city buildings were built of wood, but a fire in the 14th century destroyed almost all buildings to the ground. It was then that new buildings were rebuilt, but already made of stone – it is they who have survived to this day.
Official website: https://www.telc.eu
30. Sychrov Castle (Liberec Region)
Sychrov Castle, surrounded by a magnificent park in the English style
In the north of the Czech Republic, a hundred kilometers from Prague, there is a piece of France – Sychrov Castle, built by a French knight and belonging to a noble French family. Attention deserves both the castle itself and the protected area in which it is located – this is the territory of the Bohemian Paradise natural park. One notable feature of the castle is the surrounding English-style park. The castle is often referred to as the “carved wonder of the Czech Republic” due to its carved wooden interiors, made by the famous carver Petr Busek. In the art gallery of the palace you can see portraits of representatives of a noble family and other historical figures, as well as visit the old library.
31. Trosky Fortress (Czech Paradise Reserve)
Trosky Fortress – the symbol of the Bohemian Paradise Reserve
When choosing what to see in the Czech Republic by car, you should choose wild and less crowded places where mass excursions are rarely made. It is there that a unique historical spirit lurks, and pictures of the distant past emerge in the imagination. One of these monuments is Trosky Castle, which has become a symbol of the reserved land of Bohemian Paradise. Even from afar, on a hill, one can see its two towers, darkened from time to time and overgrown with ivy. This fortress was built presumably in the 14th century. Over the centuries, the castle was repeatedly destroyed, subjected to fires, and for several centuries it completely stood in desolation. And today, the uniqueness of this building is no longer given by historical details, but by its outlandish appearance.
Official website: https://www.hrad-trosky
32. Škoda Museum (Mladá Boleslav)
Exposition of the Škoda Museum in the city of Mladá Boleslav Marcela (talk)
Exhibition area of the Škoda Museum in the city of Mladá Boleslav
Not far from the Skoda plant, 50 kilometers north of the capital, there is an unusual museum opened in honor of the centenary of the Czech automobile brand. The plant itself began its work in the distant 1895 and has more than a century of history. That is why Skoda today is one of the most recognizable and worthy brands in the country. The exhibition area of the museum today occupies about 1800 meters, and each exhibit is dedicated to the history of the development of the automobile brand. Not only unique models of Czech cars have found their place here, but also individual spare parts and miniature copies of cars, as well as interesting photographs, drawings, documents, letters and awards. Some of the presented vintage cars are still in good condition and even participate in runs.
Official website: http://museum.skoda-auto
< h3> 33. Historical village of Holasovice (15 km from České Budějovice)
Rural buildings of the 18th-19th centuries in the South Bohemian folk baroque style in the village of Holasovice
The Czech Republic keeps not only ancient palaces, ancient cathedrals and medieval squares on its land. Sights, nature and centuries-old Czech traditions are presented in a small village in the south of the country. The historic village of Holasovice clearly demonstrates how the Czech village lived in past centuries. The layout of buildings here has not changed over the centuries, so the colored houses that can be seen on the streets have been preserved mainly from the 18th and 19th centuries. In general, the history of this settlement is mentioned in sources from the 13th century, and in the 16th century, almost the entire population of the village died out due to the bubonic plague. This region survived many more trials, including the events of the Third Reich, and only in 1990 did its restoration and settlement begin. Today, the village is home to about one and a half hundred inhabitants.
34. Moravian Karst (Brno)
One of the caves of the Moravian Karst near the small town of Blansko Doronenko
Europe's largest karst reserve is located 30 kilometers north of the Czech city of Brno. The mysterious underground world, which opens up to visitors of the reserve, allows you to escape from everyday life and plunge into another, unknown dimension. After the familiar architecture of cities, this place beckons with a kind of “architecture” of caves, rocks that nature itself has created over the millennia. The area with caves stretches for 25 kilometers in length, and the total area is about 90 square meters. kilometers. All this area underground is occupied by cavities with underground rivers – in total there are more than a thousand caves. The main attraction of the caves is the Macocha abyss, the largest underground abyss in Europe, 138 meters deep. Special bridges are equipped in the cave for its inspection.
Official website: http://moravskykras
35. Lipno lake and ecological trail (southern Bohemia)< /h3>
Amazing panorama of the Lipno lake and ecological trail in South Bohemia
If the Central Bohemia is the land of castles, fortresses, museums and other cultural and historical values, then the sights of the Western Bohemia are the country's natural assets: nature reserves, living springs, thermal resorts. Some natural objects can also be found to the southwest – one of them is Lake Lipno and the area adjacent to it. This area was closed to tourists for 40 years and opened not so long ago, so today the places in the vicinity of the lake are the purest corner of pristine nature. In the forest growing here, an unusual eco-trail “along the tops of the trees” was laid – a wooden platform 372 meters long and constantly smoothly rising to a height of 24 meters above the ground, where it ends with a 40-meter observation tower.
Official website: https://www.stezkako
In the west of the Czech Republic, there is a country whose history spans a period of more than two thousand years – Germany. Be sure to visit this country. Read about the sights of Germany and plan your next trip to Europe!