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The first thing that comes to the mind of a future tourist at the word Canada is magnificent mountain resorts. Travelers are attracted by such natural attractions of Canada as national parks, which combine natural beauties with high-class tourist services. Trips here are always exciting, they promise a lot of vivid impressions and unexplored secrets. However, in order for the trip to this country to be as complete as possible, a qualified guide or escort is required. Local guides undergo serious professional training. Their services are indispensable for those who think in advance what to see in Canada. Interestingly, this country ranks second in terms of area after the Russian Federation. Three oceans wash its shores, so the natural resources here are extremely rich.
What to see in Canada in the first place
It seems that in the vast expanses of this country a tourist can easily get lost, but if you have guides in Canada with you and plan the route to the smallest detail, then no problems are foreseen during your vacation. See how many interesting places there are, make an individual program and pack your bags!
1. Canadian Parliament Building (Ottawa)
Canadian Parliament Building and Peace Clock Tower
The architectural complex, which hosts working meetings of the Canadian government, looks like a medieval castle from the outside. It is located in a convenient location for travelers – in the heart of Ottawa. The gray stone from which the building is built seems gloomy at first glance. However, the overall composition of the building is so balanced and precise that the complex inspires involuntary respect. It seems that the architects who built the complex in 1860 were fanatically devoted to the idea of symmetry in architecture.
Pointed towers are located strictly symmetrically with respect to the central column, on which the clock runs, visible from everywhere. The strength of the building is evidenced by the fact that the gray stone is also covered with copper plates. However, in 1916 the building did not survive the devastating fire. Reconstruction work was carried out in an organized manner, but they dragged on until 1922.
The events of the First World War were reflected in the overall composition of the complex. The Peace Tower, which is the central part of the building, is dedicated to the memory of Canadians who fell on the fronts of the First World War. The main hall where meetings are held is named according to the number of parliamentarians. It is called the Hall of the Confederation or the Hall of the Two Hundred.
The symbol of Canadian unity is an eternal flame surrounded by the coats of arms of all provinces. The composition with the eternal flame is located on Parliament Square. The Parliament building opens the list of attractions in Canada. It is included in almost all sightseeing and tourist routes.
2. Oratory of St. Joseph (Montreal)
The copper dome of St. Joseph's Oratory is the second largest in the world
Among those sights that you must visit in Canada is the Oratory of St. Joseph. Construction work began in 1904. The initiative of the project belongs to André Bessette. The original version of the oratorio was a small chapel, which nestled comfortably on the slopes of Mont Royal next to Notre Dame College. The church quickly became popular, the number of parishioners increased every year. Therefore, already in 1917, a church for 1000 people was built here.
Over time, it began to increase in volume. The first project to enlarge the church was proposed in 1924. The final version of the oratorio, which is included in the modern list of sights of Canada, was completed in 1967.
The church keeps the memory of the many miracles that Brother Andre Bessette performed. It is significant that Pope John Paul II recognized the miracles attributed to brother Andrew. The recognition took place in 1982, and already in 2010 the canonization of brother Andrei took place. He was canonized by Pope Benedict XVII.
3. Basilica Notre Dame de Montreal (Montreal)
The towers of the basilica are called Restraint and Perseverance
Looking for what to visit in Canada? Do not hesitate long, the Basilica of Notre Dame de Montreal should be the first point of your trip. The neo-gothic style gave the basilica an austere, almost ascetic appearance. The building was erected in the 19th century. It is truly luxurious. Tourists listen with surprise and admiration to the stories that the sculptures here are gilded, and the interior is trimmed with fleur-de-lis gold leaf.
Strict and exceptionally symmetrical building has become a real decoration of the city. The gray noble stone has dilapidated over time, but this gives additional charm to the structure. The square in front of the basilica is paved with the same gray stone, which creates the impression of a single composition.
The pointed spiers of two symmetrical towers rise on the square, between them there are oval windows covered with large blinds. This landmark of Canada is also interesting because it houses the largest pipe organ.
Official website: https://www.basiliquenotredame.ca/en/
< h3> 4. Niagara Falls (Niagara Falls, Ontario)
Niagara Falls in Canada – one of the widest in the world
Niagara Falls is included in the list of natural attractions in Canada. In addition, it is considered one of the wonders of the world. The waterfall is located on the border of Canada and America. With a terrifying roar, tons of water flows powerfully rush every second. The waterfall is located in a dense cloud of spray, as the water pressure is strong enough here.
Translated Niagara means “rumbling water”. This is fully true, since a giant water stream falls from a 50-meter height. Millions of travelers come here to see this unique natural phenomenon with their own eyes.
The waterfall is part of a complex of three streams: American, Bridal Veil and Niagara. Canada owns only Niagara Falls. The composition, which was created by nature itself, stretches for almost a kilometer. The grandeur of this unique phenomenon is worth seeing at least once in your life.
Official website: https://www.nps.gov/nifa/index.htm< /p> Be sure to check out this beautiful video about Canada!
5. Royal Ontario Museum (Toronto)
The building of the Royal Museum looks like a broken crystal
The collections of the Royal Ontario Museum contain over 6,000,000 items. It has over 40 galleries. In the expositions you can see artifacts, collections of dinosaurs, art objects from Africa and the Middle East. The museum often holds exhibitions, so it will be of interest to those who decide what to see in Canada. The year of foundation of the museum is 1857.
The University of Toronto fully managed all the exhibits and affairs of the museum until 1968. In 1969, the Royal Museum received the status of an independent institution. Nevertheless, the Royal Museum has maintained cultural and historical ties with the university to this day. University experts often provide advisory services to museum staff and help in resolving controversial issues related to the origin of art objects.
Official website: https://www.rom.on.ca/en
6. Great Lakes (Atlantic Ocean Basin)
Canada's freshwater wealth
The group of freshwater lakes includes: Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario. The time of the formation of lakes is considered the last ice age. As scientists suggest, they arose due to the pressure of the glacier on the earth's crust.
In the process of glacial isostasy (lowering and rising of the land), the lakes were gradually filled with water, which was a direct consequence of the melting of ice. The Great Lakes are Canada's natural landmarks. They are the largest reservoir of fresh water on Earth.
Interestingly, the water in the lakes moves from one to another according to the principle of communicating vessels. The fact is that the lakes are connected by rivers. The area of the basin is 768,000 square kilometers, and the volume of water is 22,671 cubic kilometers. The deepest lake is Superior, the shallowest is St. Clair. The government protects this unique natural ensemble. In particular, large sums are allocated annually for treatment facilities. All 5 lakes are navigable. In addition, they are a vacation spot for thousands of tourists.
7. Capilano Suspension Bridge (Vancouver)
Amazing Kvpilano suspension footbridge over a deep gorge
Among the sights of Canada, a landmark object is the suspension bridge. This unique building was built in 1899. The authorship of the project belongs to the Scottish engineer George Grand McCain. Initially, it was made of cedar planks connected with hemp rope. Of course, such a structure could not last long. Reconstruction began in 1956.
Currently, the bridge is over 130 m long. It connects the two banks of the Capilano River at a height of 70 m. It is a powerful river with a fast current, but from the bridge it looks like a tiny stream. With modern means of communication between different settlements, the bridge has lost its original purpose. Currently, it belongs exclusively to the tourist infrastructure. The locals rightly consider it just entertainment.
But this is entertainment of the highest class. Unforgettable impressions are guaranteed to everyone who passes through it at least once. Below, under the bridge, you can see not only the river, but also the endless green forest. Of course, the passage on the bridge is completely safe. On both sides it is surrounded by strong railings and metal mesh.
A tiny restaurant on one of the banks is never empty. Several viewing platforms are also fortified and fenced with a metal mesh. Tourists love this bridge. It makes it possible to feel the pettiness of all human problems compared to the pristine grandeur of nature.
Official website: https://www.capbridge.com/
8 .Wood Buffalo National Park (Alberta)
Wood Buffalo National Park Conservation Area
In the province of Alberta, Canada's natural attraction, the National Park, is located. Its area exceeds 44,000 square kilometers. This is a protected area of Canadian nature. The territory is protected by the state.
All conditions for the prosperity of flora and fauna are created here. The climate in the park is temperate, with pronounced warm summers and cold winters. The protected area includes coniferous, mixed forests, as well as tundra woodlands. The purpose of creating a protected area in 1922 was to preserve the bison population.
The efforts of the government to protect the territory were not in vain; at present, the number of bison has been increased. In addition, many forest dwellers live here safely: beavers, wolves, caribou reindeer. Tourists will also be interested in seeing cranes and pelicans, which feel at ease here.
Excursion routes to the park are thought out to the smallest detail. In particular, there are 36 campsites in the park. However, overnight parking requires a special permit. The unique feature of the park is that here you can see the longest beaver dam in the world, the length of which exceeds 800 meters.
Official website: http://www.pc.gc. ca/en/pn-np/
9. Frontenac Castle (Quebec)
Colorful view of Frontenac Castle
The castle is included in the list of National Landmarks of Canada. The authorship of the project belongs to the American architect Bruce Price. The architecture of the castle-hotel corresponds to the style of a medieval castle. The grand opening took place in 1893, but it continued to be completed and increased in volume. The architect William Sutherland Maxwell designed the central tower, which made the castle look more imposing. Construction work was finally completed in 1926.
Tourists will be interested to know that in 1943 the Quebec Conference was held here. Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill were staying at the hotel at that time. The castle hotel is located on a hill. It is built on the banks of the St. Lawrence River. The Diamond Point, on which the hotel stands, is high enough to offer great panoramic views from the castle windows.
The hotel is currently owned by the Ivanhoe Cambridge Corporation. Its administration immediately began restoration work immediately after the conclusion of the sale and purchase agreement in 2011. $75 million was allocated for the restoration.
Official website: http://www.fairmont.com/
10. Underground City (Montreal)
View of the underground city in Montreal
The underground city is nothing but a pedestrian zone. Its length is 30 km. This is a good way to hide from the excruciating summer heat or cold winter winds. The underground pedestrian zone includes more than 1000 shops, dozens of cinemas and approximately 200 restaurants.
This is a unique attraction in Canada, which links all metro stations. The underground city contains 1600 apartments. About half a million people visit it every year. The subway is interesting because it expressively and vividly represents the power of modern engineering and technical thought.
Sights of Canada: what else to visit while in Canada
Even if there are few days to explore the northern country, there are excursions in Canada that you will definitely want to visit. It will not be difficult to understand which of them will be the most exciting for you and those who travel with you with the help of the list we have prepared with descriptions and recent photographs.
11. Thousand Islands (Ontario)
Thousand Islands Park – the most beautiful corner of North America
You have not yet decided what to see in Canada? So, the Thousand Islands Park will be a real discovery for you. It is located between the cities of Brockville and Kingston. There are many islands in the 2,000 square kilometers of water. The name of the park “Thousand Islands” is arbitrary, it is impossible to accurately calculate their number. Especially small ones, which sometimes hide completely under water. The islands vary in size. There is an island with a football field, others are dozens of times larger.
The islands are formed on the basis of a mountain system. Over time, it was worn away by the winds and polished by the waters of the glacier. The two largest islands are Wolf and Hut. The islands are a real paradise for tourists. First of all, it is a very beautiful natural landmark. Do not look for a long time what to see in Canada. Thousand Islands Park is a must on your trip. Canadians themselves call the park the garden of God. Excursion programs are constantly held here.
The flora and fauna of the islands leaves an unforgettable impression. Interestingly, some of the islands are inhabited. Comfortable cottages are built on them, and living in them is considered prestigious. At the same time, cottages are provided with electricity using environmentally friendly energy sources.
12. Banff National Park (Alberta)
Banff National Park – Rocky Mountain Park
In 1885, Canada's first park was laid out in Alberta. It is located 100 kilometers from Calgary and is Canada's largest natural attraction. The hotels and restaurants of the park are completely subordinated to the tourism business. Depending on the season, the cost of rooms in hotels varies. But in any case, tourists are provided with vivid impressions. And the Moraine glacial lake, located in the park, can be safely included in the rating of the most beautiful natural places on our planet.
The most favorite pastimes for travelers are gondola rides and golf. It is in the park that the famous The Fairmont Banff Springs golf course is located. It was designed by Canadian architect Stanley Thompson.
There are many sulfur springs here. Hot springs can improve health in a short time. In addition, tourists are invited to visit the Canadian bath, founded back in 1887.
Animals live freely in the park, which can be observed in their natural habitat. In particular, bears and cougars can be found in the park. It is absolutely impossible to approach them, it is better to examine animals through binoculars. Each tourist is given a set of rules that must be followed when meeting with wild animals.
Finally, Banff Park offers a high-quality ski service. The skiing and snowboarding trails here are some of the best in the world.
Official website: http://www.pc.gc.ca/en/
13. Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia
Fantastic landscape Bay of Fundy
The bay is a fantastically beautiful place. Its highlight was the huge red stones covered with bright greenery. The bay is also known for having the highest tide. It reaches the 17-meter mark. Tourists are always shocked by this information: over 100 million tons of water come and go to the shore in 12 hours.
No wonder the stones of the bay are so smooth and polished. The bay is one of those sights that you should definitely visit in Canada. Moreover, it is recommended to visit it twice a day – before and after the tide. This will give you the opportunity to see the unique phenomenon in its entirety. This feature (fast and powerful tide) is used in the tourism business.
A special entertainment is offered here – boating during high tide. Feelings inexpressible for those who are in the bay. The water rises literally by the minute and it seems to those who are in the boats that they are rising higher and higher on some incredible attraction.
14. Vancouver Aquarium (Vancouver)
Vancouver Aquarium Aviary
The sights of Canada are crowned by the Vancouver Aquarium. It is located in Stanley Park and is always open to the public. The aquarium began to receive tourists and all comers in 1956. This is one of the oldest aquariums in the country. The exhibitions here are divided by subject. Most of them are devoted to the underwater world. Here you can also admire tropical butterflies, which have absorbed all the colors of the rainbow. Periodically, butterflies break out of transparent enclosures and fly freely between tourists. The audience is enthralled by this. They don't try to catch butterflies, it's forbidden. But to see this fluttering colors means to experience a real aesthetic shock.
The water kingdom is presented here in all its diversity. Spectators have the opportunity to admire dolphins, sharks, seals. At the same time, professional guides will tell you in detail about any species that interested visitors. You can walk around the aquarium for a long time. Many travel with children, and special play corners are equipped for kids, where they can relax in order to continue their journey.
Official website: http://www.vanaqua.org/< /p>
15. Johnston Sound
Johnston Sound is a favorite place for surfers
Huge waves, giving surfers the opportunity to show their skills, made the strait extremely popular. Extreme sports enthusiasts from all over the world come here. The waves are amazing. They are moving fast. And just as quickly they melt near the shore. There are all conditions here to admire the water element and measure strength with it.
The strait is beautiful at any time of the year and at any time of the day. Its feature is the ability to reflect the rays of the sun so that it acquires a bright green hue.
This place has a second name: “Pacific Cemetery”. However, it does not deter surfers. The bay like a magnet attracts those who love speed and movement. In addition, in these parts there are many tourists who love to travel “savages”. Near the strait there is always some kind of tent city where travelers spend their time.
The underwater world of the bay is no less uninteresting than the beauty of the coast. The fact is that killer whales are often found near the shores of the strait. They hunt and frolic here. It is considered a great success to catch a killer whale in the lens of a camera.
16. National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa)
Sculpture “Mother” by Louise Bourgeois at the main entrance to the National Gallery of Canada Radagast < p>
Interior of the National Gallery of Canada en:User:GarrettRock
The capital of Canada, of course, cannot do without historically significant sights. One of the clearest examples of this is the country's leading art museum – the Canadian National Gallery in the heart of Ottawa. The gallery itself was founded in 1880 and previously occupied the Houses of Parliament. But over time, the collection began to actively expand, more space was required, and the gallery repeatedly wandered from place to place for decades, until a decision was made to erect its own building. Today, the museum has six permanent exhibitions spread over two floors. And you can relax here in the restaurant, from the large windows of which wonderful views of the Parliament and the Ottawa River open.
Official website: https://www.gallery.
17. Casa Loma Castle (Toronto)
The exquisite neo-Gothic Casa Loma on the northwest edge of Toronto SimonP
Henry Pellat's living room at Casa Loma Steven V. Rose
Toronto, Canada is a major metropolis of the country and its industrial center. In the city, ultra-modern buildings coexist next to historical buildings. For example, in the city you can visit the Royal Museum, whose creative building resembles a huge crystal made of glass and metal, and here you can also see the exquisite neo-Gothic Casa Loma castle. The original mansion was built at the beginning of the last century for a wealthy entrepreneur who later sold this luxurious apartment due to the impossibility of maintaining it. Later, a hotel worked in the building, and then the castle began to serve as a landmark with beautiful architecture.
Official website: https://casaloma
18. Habitat 67 (Montreal) Unusual Residential Building
Unusual in appearance residential complex with 146 apartments in Montreal
An amazing modernist building adorns Montreal's Ville-Marie street – a strange house in the form of combined cubes Habibat 67. Despite the modern look of this house, its history dates back to 1967, when the young architect Moshe Sadfi, who was chosen to represent Canada at the world exhibition, presented at review your graduation project. The defense of the diploma turned out to be a stunning success, and the project formed the basis of a real building, which to this day is one of the most interesting and extraordinary in the city. The complex of 354 cubes, collected in 12 floors, is a residential building. It was possible to make housing comfortable and interesting, according to the original project, but it did not become affordable – this complex surrounded by greenery has some of the most expensive apartments in the city.
Official website: http://www.habitat67.
19. Chateau Lurie (Ottawa)
Chateau Laurier at night StupendousMan2008
Despite the relatively warm winters in Canada, the weather makes its own adjustments to travel and vacations. When choosing what to see in Canada in winter, it is worth taking time to visit the Chateau Laurier, one of the oldest hotels in Ottawa, whose building is a beautiful castle. The opening of the hotel-castle took place back in 1912 – the most noble passengers of the famous Titanic once hurried to this event. Thus, two events, solemn and tragic, intertwined and were linked together. The majestic castle is decorated in the French chateau style, which is a mixture of French Renaissance and neo-Gothic. The characteristic features of the façade are graceful pointed turrets and some asymmetry of the façade. Almost three hundred luxurious rooms are located inside the castle.
Official website: https://www.fairmont
20. Zoo (Toronto)
Maelwys Toronto Zoo Main Entrance
Splash Island Educational Playground at Toronto Zoo Dennis Jarvis
Back in the 70s of the last century, Canada became the second country in the world where the Ministry of Environmental Protection was created to solve Canada's environmental problems. And not so long ago, one of the Canadian cities, Toronto, was recognized as the best city on the planet for work and life – this was facilitated by its excellent environmental situation. It is not surprising that one of the largest zoos in the world operates here, where animals are kept in conditions as close to natural as possible. The zoo is located in the Red Valley and contains about 5 thousand species of fauna, and the total length of its paths reaches 10 kilometers. It is precisely because of the huge scale of the park, for the purpose of the comfort of visitors, that a train with 4 wagons, a zoomobile, was launched here.
Official website: http://www.torontozoo
< h3> 21. Harbor Center (Vancouver)
Famous skyscraper in Vancouver – Kelam Harbor Center Tower
Studying the sights of Canada on the map, you can see how many interesting places you can visit in Vancouver. One of the most “prominent” buildings in Vancouver is located in the central business district of the city. This is a famous skyscraper – the Harbor Center tower, on top of which there is an observation deck with a 360-degree view of the surroundings. From here you can see the Pacific coast, the city port, consider the urban layout and architecture of buildings. The snow-capped peaks of Solyburn and Mount Seymour, the sea surface stretching to the horizon, the arteries of streams that seem to cut the city into pieces – all this and much more can be seen from the top of the famous tower. You can get here by high-speed elevator in just 40 seconds.
Official website: http://harbourcentre
22. Gastown (Vancouver)
Steam clock in Gastown Historic District at dusk Anthony Maw, Vancouver, Canada
The main treasury of Vancouver's history is located in its heart – this is the Gastown district, which got its name in honor of its first inhabitant – Jack Dayton, nicknamed Gassi. The history of Gastown is covered with other legends, but it is especially interesting to visit its narrow streets, where the architecture of ancient buildings recalls the brilliant period of the reign of Queen Victoria, and modern fashionable shops and restaurants are hidden in the courtyards, which are not so easy to find – only the indigenous population knows here every nook and cranny, passage and doorway. Among the interesting finds of the area are a steam clock, Queen Elizabeth National Park, a police museum, as well as an abundance of souvenir shops.
23. Stanley Park (Vancouver)
View of downtown Vancouver from the lost lagoon of Stanley Park Zotium
Antique brightly painted Native American totem poles in Stanley Park
When choosing what to see in Canada in the fall, to see the local nature in all its beauty, you should definitely pay attention to Stanley Park, located very close to the center of Vancouver. Despite the proximity of urban civilization, this park occupies an impressive area of 405 hectares, and the total length of its paths exceeds 200 kilometers. It is not necessary to go around all of them, it is enough to look around and see autumn in the brightest colors: various centuries-old trees put on colored outfits during this period, and a fantastic riot of yellow, brown, gold, crimson colors and their undertones is simply amazing. The local inhabitants of the park will definitely please you too – almost tame raccoons, squirrels, gulls, ducks, swans, goose.
Official website: https://vancouver.
< h3> 24. Montmorency Falls, Quebec
The picturesque and powerful Montmorency Falls in Quebec Leslie Mateus
You can plunge into the atmosphere of centuries-old antiquity and comprehend the unique history of the country by visiting ancient towers, museums, galleries and other historical sights of Canada. The presentation of the country, however, would not be complete without mentioning the beautiful natural creations. Montmorency Falls is one of the most striking examples. A huge foamy stream of water with a solid 84-meter wall collapses into the Montmorency River, which, making a short path, flows into the St. Lawrence River. A suspension bridge is equipped over the waterfall, from which you can see the outlines of the city of Quebec City and Orleans Island. There are also several other sites around the waterfall, allowing you to look at it from a variety of angles.
Official website: https://www.sepaq.
25. Rocky Mountains (western Canada)
Mount Robson is the highest point of the Canadian Rockies due to their border location at the junction of two states. It is on the territory of this massif that two of the most famous national parks in Canada are located – Jasper Park and Bank. The Rocky Mountains truly abound with magically beautiful lakes. Among them is the alpine Peyto Lake with bright blue and white waters. When the glaciers that feed the lake melt, its waters become saturated with “glacial meal”. This finest sand, formed from the grinding of stones by descending glaciers, enters the lake waters, giving them an incredible shade. After visiting all the interesting places in Canada, how about going to the USA? The best US attractions await in this amazing country!