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The sights of England are so numerous and varied that it is necessary to schedule their visits and inspections in advance. Especially if your trip will not last a long time. We will learn about what to see in England is a must.
What to see in England first of all?
Experienced guides in England recommend visiting at least 15-20 major monuments of history, culture and architecture in the country. Their ranking always includes the following England attractions:
1. Windsor Castle
Exterior view of Windsor Castle
We begin our review with the stronghold and residence of the British monarchs, towering on a hill in the Thames Valley, not by chance. It was erected in 1070, and today it is considered the most romantic building in the country. Moreover, due to the size of 580 m by 165 m, Windsor Castle got into the Guinness Book of Records as the largest castle in the world. If you do not know what to see in England in 1 day, go here – you will not be disappointed.
Official website: https://www.royalcollection.org.
2. London Big Ben
Big Ben clock tower in London
When planning a trip and exploring the main sights of England, do not forget about the clock tower of the Palace of Westminster, created more than 150 years ago. The commemorative clock proclaims the most important events of the state: the onset of the New Year, the Minutes of Silence, etc. Until recently, it was Big Ben that had the largest dial on Earth – not a single photo or description can convey the grandeur of the main symbol of London.
Official website: https://www.parliament.uk/bigben
3. Lake District National Park
Nature of Lake District National Park
The natural attractions of England are no less interesting than the man-made masterpieces of the country. An example is the park founded in 1951. Its total area is 885 sq. miles. The Lake District is famous for its superb panoramic views and lush countryside, mountain and lake landscapes. The nature here is so unpredictable that in one day it can show all 4 seasons.
Official website: http://www.lakedistrict.gov.uk/
< h3> 4. Hyde Park
Bird's eye view of Hyde Park
Few places of interest in England are as rich in sights as the Royal Hyde Park. Here is the famous Speakers Corner, Animal Cemetery, a memorial in honor of Princess Diana, the Wellington Museum, the statue of Achilles – you can list for a long time. Folk festivals, large-scale festivities and political rallies are regularly held on the territory of the park.
Official website: https://www.royalparks.org.
5. Hadrian's Wall
Hadrian's Wall or Hadrian's Wall – a defensive structure of Ancient Rome
The length of this historical landmark of England is 117 km. It was erected in 122-128 by the Romans to protect against the raids of the Brigantes and Picts. About 15 years ago, a hiking trail for tourists was opened along the defensive structure. Travelers' reviews claim that a walk along the rampart will be of interest not only to lovers of history and natural beauties, but also to a person with any other preferences on vacation.
Official website: http://www .english-heritage
Feel the atmosphere of England in this beautiful video!
6. British Museum
Main entrance of the British Museum
If your list of what to visit in England does not include the oldest and one of the largest museums in the world, you will visit the country in vain. Located in London, the British Museum is the second most visited art museum, behind only the Louvre. All excursions in England necessarily begin or end here. You will see both mysterious exhibits and ancient artifacts, as well as the most famous objects of history that you have heard about since childhood.
Official website: http://www.britishmuseum.org/< /p>
7. Project Eden
Project Eden Hexagonal Domes
Recommendations from local flora and fauna lovers will certainly lead you to this botanical garden. It is located in Cornwall, and is especially famous for its unique greenhouse (geodesic domes gathered plants from all over the Earth under them).
Official site: http://www.edenproject. com/
8. Yorkshire Dales National Park
The spectacular landscape of the Yorkshire Dales National Park
Even a brief description of this landmark of England arouses interest in it: charming villages and towns, waterfalls and valleys ideal for hiking, cave systems open to the public (within the boundaries of the park area), rivers and stone hedgerows, endless wastelands and lush green pastures teeming with cattle and sheep.
Official website: http://www.yorkshiredales.org.uk/
9. Lost Gardens of Heligan
Stone figure in Lost Gardens of Heligan
A huge botanical garden with unique stone figures and exotic plants. It was also included in the list of “the best sights in England” for its original woven wire people “meeting” guests throughout the territory, its own “jungle”, flower and vegetable gardens.
Official website: http://heligan.com/
10. Leeds Castle
The lake in front of the medieval castle of Leeds
Every tourist should see with his own eyes the most beautiful medieval building located on the lake islands near the Len River. At one time it was used as the residence of the royal family. Here are the bedrooms of Catherine of Aragon and Lady Bailey, the banquet hall of King Henry the Eighth and the library of Master Boudin.
Official website: https://www.leeds-castle.com/
11. Westminster Abbey
North facade of Westminster Abbey
Gothic church in Westminster, built in 1245-1745. If you are thinking about what to visit in England right now, you are unlikely to be able to get into this abbey – the number of tourists here is always high. The church attracts attention both with its majestic appearance and expositions: weapons of the original type, paintings, rare documents and ancient folios.
Official website: http://www.westminster-abbey .org/
12. Wembley Stadium
Panorama of Wembley Stadium Ed Webster
On the days of international football matches, when all the hotels in England are occupied by fans of the “number one game”, this stadium with red stands is seen by the whole world. The national team of the country conducts its training here, and the Champions League competitions are also organized here. The date of foundation of the new stadium (the former one was demolished back in 2003) is 2007.
Official website: http://www.wembleystadium.com/
13. Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace and Flower Park
The official residence of Elizabeth II (Queen of England) in London. Fans of this attraction in England compare it to a small town. It has its own cinema, discotheque, several sports clubs, bar, hospital, post offices and police. Three miles of red carpets and 600 rooms, including staterooms, are serviced daily by more than 700 workers. It is also worth buying a ticket in advance.
Official website: https://www.royalcollection.org.
14. Tower Bridge
View of the Tower Bridge from the side
Partially drawbridge, partly suspension bridge in the Neo-Gothic style, carried over the Thames, is located near the Tower. Another symbol of Britain, lit up at night with hundreds of lights. From the bridge you will be able to watch slowly sailing ships and take memorable photos.
Official website: http://www.towerbridge.org.uk/
Stonehenge – the ruins of a monumental structure on the Solbury Plain
The UNESCO-listed megalithic stone structure or “stone circle” is called a huge stone mystery. The attraction consists of 5 arches pointing to the cardinal points, 30 blocks and 82 megaliths. In the central part there is a 6-ton altar.
Official website: http://www.english-heritage.org.
Sights of England: what else visit in England?
16. Shambles Street in York
Shambles Street in York is full of quirky Jinx McCombs
Now you know where to go in England first of all. However, do not limit your excursion program to these attractions only. No less interesting to you will be, for example, Shambles Street in York. It is one of the TOP 10 most beautiful shopping streets in the world, and not only shopping fans should visit it.
A street in the English town of Stratford-upon-Avon
Stratford-upon-Avon is the birthplace of W. Shakespeare. In a small town you will find national restaurants and pubs with simple and inexpensive but delicious dishes. The popular Mop Fair is held in the city center.
18. London Eye
London Eye Ferris Wheel
Want to see all of London in one go? Take a ride on Europe's largest Ferris wheel, the London Eye. To do this, you need to go to the south bank of the Thames in the Lambeth area.
Official website: https://www.londoneye.com/
The walls of the medieval fortress Tower of London
The Tower is the historical center of the capital of England and a fortress on the north bank of the Thames. For a long time, the Tower was a prison and a repository of jewels of the English monarchs, but today it is a magnificent architectural monument. Buy a ticket for an evening tour, and you may be among those who see ghosts here. According to legend, here you can meet Sir Walter Reilly (navigator) and Anne Boleyn walking with her head in her right hand. Don't worry – security will accompany you on excursions.
Official website: https://www.hrp.org.uk/tower
20. Albert dock in Liverpool
Albert Dock in Liverpool – art space and entertainment area
Albert Dock in Liverpool, built entirely of cast iron, brick and stone (no wood), was the first enclosed dock in the world. Now the annual Big Ship Festival is held here, sound, laser and light multimedia shows are arranged on the water.
Official website: http://www.albertdock.com/
21. Madame Tussauds London
Madame Tussauds in London's Marylebone self-made
Along with Big Ben, the real symbol of London and the whole of Great Britain is the Madame Tussauds wax gallery – a museum with a human face, or rather, with a thousand faces, represented in all branches of the famous museum. This institution was founded in the 19th century by the famous woman sculptor Marie Tussauds. Passion for the creation of wax figures was her life's work, and the first works were put on display to the general public in 1835 – it was at this time that the ancient museum was opened. And half a century later, the collection moved to another building in the Marylebone quarter, where it remains to this day. The exposition included sculptures of actors, politicians, musicians, athletes, writers, representatives of the royal dynasty, movie characters and other famous personalities. Fans of history are advised to visit two halls set aside specifically for Napoleon, science lovers will see realistic figures of scientists. About 3 million people visit Madame Tussauds every year!
Official website: https://www.madametussauds
22. National Gallery of London
London National Gallery at Trafalgar Square in London Roman Boed
The National Gallery of 1839, located in London's Trafalgar Square, is one of the largest art galleries in the kingdom. In its spacious halls, in chronological order, there are countless masterpieces of fine art with names, with a total number of more than 2 thousand. Here visitors can trace the entire history of the development of Western European painting from the 12th to the 20th century. Among the exhibits are the works of the court painters of the British kings, collections of Venetian masters, Italian and Spanish artists, French, German and Flemish painters. The gallery presents a large collection of works by Rembrandt, reflecting his entire life. Rubens is no less widely represented, especially in the paintings of the period of late creativity. The London Gallery gives its visitors the opportunity not only to see famous paintings, but also to learn how to create their own creations – master classes in drawing techniques are regularly held here.
Official website: https://www.nationalgallery
23. Rochester Castle
View of Rochester Castle from the doors of Rochester Cathedral on the east bank of the River Medway Hugh Llewelyn
The status of the most symbolic landmark of Great Britain, perhaps, is worthy of Rochester Castle – a real symbol of England and its pride. The fortress with almost a thousand years of history is located in Kent, half an hour from London. In those years, the main purpose of the construction of the castle was to block the way of the conquerors to the English capital, and it is worth saying that the powerful stone structure coped with this task completely, despite numerous sieges. And even after multiple restorations, the majestic castle has retained its original appearance – and today it is a vivid example of Norman architecture. Throughout its history, the fortress inspired the writer Dickens, the artist Turner, its first floor was used for storerooms, the commandant lived on the second, and the owner and his retinue lived on the third. In the vicinity of the castle, you can see fragments of thick fortress walls, and the 38-meter donjon tower is one of the best preserved monuments of the Middle Ages.
Official website: https://www.english -heritage
24. Canterbury Cathedral
Facade of Canterbury Gothic 15th century Canterbury Cathedral Antony McCallum
Canterbury Cathedral Choir standing in front of Trinity Chapel Diliff
London is a true treasure trove of Britain, full of masterpieces of architecture, trendy clubs and other tidbits for tourists. But what to see in England besides London? Among the first places worth visiting is the Canterbury Cathedral of 603, located in the ancient city of Canterbury in the southeastern part of the country. Unfortunately, the original appearance of the cathedral has not been preserved – it was destroyed by fire in the 12th century, but in the process of restoration, a magnificent Gothic building was erected with the attached Trinity Chapel, where the relics of the murdered Archbishop Thomas Becket are kept. Of particular value are the colorful stained-glass windows of the 12th-13th centuries with biblical scenes that can be seen in the western window. The choir of the cathedral is made in the early Gothic style, the chapels attached to it store relics, including the Armchair of St. Augustine, on which the consecration of archbishops is carried out, as well as the Bracket's Crown, thrown off the head of the archbishop during his assassination.
Official website: https://www.canterbury
25. Sherwood Forest
Picturesque scenery of Sherwood Forest near Climston
In the county of Nottinghamshire, there is a mysterious forest covered with legends. Not only adult tourists go to Sherwood Forest, but also those who are looking for the sights of England for children – the spirit of adventure attracts the youngest travelers to this place. According to folk ballads, it was in this forest that the brave Robin Hood considered his plans – here, in one old oak, the so-called headquarters of the hero was located. Today, everyone can see a giant giant tree called “Major Oak”. For half a century, the territory of this park has been reserved and in demand as a popular recreation area. Hundreds of thousands of tourists visit this reserve every year: flora lovers can prepare original gifts in the form of acorns from Major Oak, and fans of holidays can visit a major festival held here in the summer, with theatrical performances, circus performances and shows.
It is impossible to unequivocally and briefly answer the question of what you should definitely see in England. This country is ready to offer a lot of exciting and interesting sights to every guest. Therefore, plan an excursion route taking into account your own preferences in advance.
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